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Material Properties

Over 120+ Material properties such as density, thermal conductivity, specific heat, melting and boiling points, and thermal expansion coefficient.

 

Material Properties
 
 
Material
Density
Thermal Conductivity
Specific Heat
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Thermal Expansion
Standard Thermoelectric module (127 couple, 6 amp, lapped) -

3.88 W/m K

while not powered

- - - 10.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Thermoelectric module (metallized) - - - - - 10.9 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Acetone   0.16 w/m K @25C        
Acetylene gas   0.018 w/m K @25C        
Acoustic tile 290 kg/m3 0.058 w/m K 1340 J/kg K - - -
Acrylic   0.2 w/m K @25C        
Air (200K) (-73C) 1.748 kg/m3 0.0181 w/m K 1.007 J/kg K - - -
Air (250K) (-23C) 1.395 kg/m3 0.0223 w/m K 1.006 J/kg K - - -
Air (300K) (27C) 1.161 kg/m3 0.0263 w/m K 1.007 J/kg K - - -
Air (350K) (77C) 0.995 kg/m3 0.0300 w/m K 1.009 J/kg K - - -
Air (400K) (127C) 0.871 kg/m3 0.0338 w/m K 1.014 J/kg K - - -
Air (450K) (177C) 0.774 kg/m3 0.0373 w/m K 1.021 J/kg K - - -
Air (500K) (227C) 0.696 kg/m3 0.0407 w/m K 1.030 J/kg K - - -
Alcohol   0.17 w/m K @25C        
Alumina ceramic 96% 3570 kg/m3 35.3 w/m K 837 J/kg K - - 6.5 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Aluminum (2024-T6) 2770 kg/m3 177 w/m K 875 J/kg K 775 K - 23.2 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Aluminum (alloy 195 cast) 2790 kg/m3 168 w/m K 883 J/kg K - - -
Aluminum (pure) 2702 kg/m3 237 w/m K 903 J/kg K 933 K - 22.5 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Material
Density
Thermal Conductivity
Specific Heat
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Thermal Expansion
Aluminum nitride ceramic 3300 kg/m3 230 w/m K 920 J/kg K - - 4.5 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Aluminum oxide (polycrystaline) 3970 kg/m3 36 w/m K 765 J/kg K 2323 K - -
Aluminum oxide (sapphire) 3970 kg/m3 46 w/m K 765 J/kg K 2323 K - -
Amonia gas   0.022 w/m K @25C        
Amonium Nitrate - 0.1375 BTU/ft-hr-°F - 169 C - -
Antimony   18.5 w/m K @25C        
Argon (gas) 1.66 kg/m3 0.016 w/m K 518 J/kg K - - -
Asbestos-cement board 1920 kg/m3 0.58 w/m K - - - -
Asphalt 2115 kg/m3 0.062 w/m K 920 J/kg K - - -
Material
Density
Thermal Conductivity
Specific Heat
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Thermal Expansion
Bakelite 1280 kg/m3 0.23 w/m K 1590 J/kg K - - 22.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Balsa wood   0.048 w/m K @25C        
BeCu 8.25 kg/m3 130 w/m K 233 J/kg K - - 17.5 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Beef, lean   0.43 - 0.50 w/m K        
Benzene   0.16 w/m K        
Beryllia ceramic 99% 2880 kg/m3 230 w/m K 1088 J/kg K - - 5.9 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Beryllium 1850 kg/m3 200 w/m K 1825 J/kg K 1550 K - 11.2 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Beryllium oxide 3000 kg/m3 272 w/m K 1030 J/kg K 2725 K - -
Bismuth 9780 kg/m3 7.86 w/m K 122 J/kg K 545 K - -
Bismuth Telluride 7530 kg/m3 1.5 w/m K 544 J/kg K - - 13.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Bitumen   0.17 w/m K        
Boron 2500 kg/m3 27 w/m K 1107 J/kg K 2573 K - -
Boron fiber epoxy (30% vol, k parallel to fibers) 2080 kg/m3 2.29 w/m K 1122 J/kg K 590 K - -
Boron fiber epoxy (30% vol, k perpen. to fibers) 2080 kg/m3 0.59 w/m K 1122 J/kg K 590 K - -
Brass 8490 kg/m3 111 w/m K 343 J/kg K - - 18.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Brass (cartridge 70%Cu 30%Zn) 8530 kg/m3 110 w/m K 380 J/kg K 1188 K - 20.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Brick (Common) 1920 kg/m3 0.72 w/m K 835 J/kg K - - -
Bronze 8150 kg/m3 64 w/m K 435 J/kg K - - 18.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Bronze (commercial 90%Cu 10% Al) 8800 kg/m3 52 w/m K 420 J/kg K 1293 K - -
Bronze (phospher gear 89%Cu 11%Sn) 8780 kg/m3 54 w/m K 355 J/kg K 1104 K - 18.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Material
Density
Thermal Conductivity
Specific Heat
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Thermal Expansion
Cadmium 8650 kg/m3 96.8 w/m K 231 J/kg K 594 K - -
Calcium Silicate   0.05 w/m K        
Carbon (amorphous) 1950 kg/m3 1.6 w/m K - 1500 K - -
Carbon Dioxide gas   0.0146 w/m K @25C        
Cement mortar 1860 kg/m3 0.72 w/m K 780 J/kg K - - -
Chalk   0.09 w/m K        
Chlorine gas   0.008 w/m K @25C        
Chromium 7160 kg/m3 93.7 w/m K 449 J/kg K 2118 K - -
Cobalt 8862 kg/m3 99.2 w/m K 421 J/kg K 1769 K - -
Concrete 2880 kg/m3 1.09 w/m K 653 J/kg K - - 14.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Constantan (55%Cu 45%Ni) 8920 kg/m3 23 w/m K 384 J/kg K 1493 K - 16.9 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Copper (pure)
8933 kg/m3 401 w/m K 385 J/Kg K 1358 K - 16.7 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Copper (OFHC)
8940 kg/m3 392 w/m K 385 J/Kg K - - 16.7 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Copper Tungsten 15650 kg/m3 189 w/m K 385 J/Kg K - - 6.5 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Cork 120 kg/m3 0.039 w/m K 1800 J/Kg K - - -
Cotton 80 kg/m3 0.06 w/m K 1300 J/Kg K - - -
CVD SiC 3.21 g/cm3 700 w/m K 250 J/Kg K - - 2.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Diamond 3500 kg/m3 2300 w/m K 509 J/Kg K - - -
Ethylene Glycol 1116 kg/m3 0.242 w/m K 2385 J/Kg K - - -
Felt (laminated w/ no binder) 120 kg/m3 0.033 w/m K - - - -
Fused Silica 2.2 g/cm3 1.37 w/m K 741 J/Kg K - - 0.56 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
             
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Germanium 5360 kg/m3 59.9 w/m K 322 J/Kg K 1211 K - -
Glass (common) 2580 kg/m3 0.8 w/m K 795 J/Kg K - - 7.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Glass (plate, soda lime) 2500 kg/m3 1.4 w/m K 750 J/Kg K - - 9.2 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Glass (Pyrex) 2225 kg/m3 1.4 w/m K 835 J/Kg K - - -
Glass (BK-7) 2.53 g/cm3 1.12 w/m K 879 J/Kg K - - 7.1 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Glass fiber, paper faced (insulation blanket and batt) 16 kg/m3 0.046 w/m K - - - -
Glass wool 200 kg/m3 0.04 w/m K 670 J/Kg K - - -
Gold 19300 kg/m3 317 w/m K 129 J/Kg K 1336 K - 14.2 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Graphite 2560 kg/m3 5.7 w/m K 835 J/Kg K - - 3.6 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Graphite (pyrolytic, k parallel to layers) 2210 kg/m3 1950 w/m K 709 J/Kg K 2273 K - -
Graphite (pyrolytic, k perpen. to layers)
2210 kg/m3 5.7 w/m K 709 J/Kg K 2273 K - -
Graphite fiber epoxy composite (25% vol, Q parallel to fibers)
1400 kg/m3 11.1 w/m K 935 J/Kg K 450 K - -
Graphite fiber epoxy composite (25% vol, Q perpen. to fibers)
1400 kg/m3 0.87 w/m K 935 J/Kg K 450 K - -
Gypsum or plaster board
800 kg/m3 0.17 w/m K - - - -
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Hardwoods (oak, maple)
720 kg/m3 0.16 w/m K 1255 J/Kg K - - -
Ice ( 0 C)
920 kg/m3 1.88w/m K 2040 J/Kg K - - -
Inconel (X-750 73%Ni 15%Cr 6.7%Fe) 8510 kg/m3 11.7 w/m K 439 J/Kg K 1665 K - 12.1 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Indaloy #2 0.2836 lb/in3 0.43 w/cm C 439 J/Kg K 154 C - 28 micro in/in
Invar 36 8.03 g/cm3 13.8 w/m K 502 J/Kg K - - 0.54 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Iridium 22500 kg/m3 147 w/m K 130 J/Kg K 2720 K - -
Iron (cast) 7210 kg/m3 83 w/m K 460 J/Kg K - - 10.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Iron (pure) 7870 kg/m3 80.2 w/m K 447 J/Kg K 1810 K - -
             
Kovar 8360 kg/m3 16.6 w/m K 460 J/Kg K - - 5.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Lead 11340 kg/m3 35.3 w/m K 129 J/Kg K 601 K - 29.3 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Magnesium 1740 kg/m3 156 w/m K 1024 J/Kg K 923 K - -
Mg AZ218 1.85 g/cm3 76 w/m K 1000 J/Kg K - - 25.2 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Moly TZM 10.2 g/cm3 146 w/m K 272 J/Kg K - - 5.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Molybdenum 10240 kg/m3 142 w/m K 251 J/Kg K 2894 K - 4.9 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Nichrome (80%Ni 20%Cr) 8400 kg/m3 12 w/m K 420 J/Kg K 1728 K - -
Nickel (pure) 8900 kg/m3 90.7 w/m K 444 J/Kg K 1728 K - 11.9 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Niobium 8570 kg/m3 53.7 w/m K 265 J/Kg K 2741 K - -
Nitrogen (200K) 1.6883 kg/m3 0.0183 w/m K 1043 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (250K) 1.3488 kg/m3 0.0222 w/m K 1042 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (300K) 1.1233 kg/m3 0.0259 w/m K 1041 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (350K) 0.9625 kg/m3 0.0293 w/m K 1042 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (400K) 0.8425 kg/m3 0.0327 w/m K 1045 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (450K) 0.7485 kg/m3 0.0358 w/m K 1050 J/Kg K - - -
Nitrogen (500K) 0.6739 kg/m3 0.0389 w/m K 1056 J/Kg K - - -
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Palladium 12020 kg/m3 71.8 w/m K 244 J/Kg K 1827 K - -
Paper 930 kg/m3 0.18 w/m K 1340 J/Kg K - - -
Particle board (high density) 1000 kg/m3 0.17 w/m K 1300 J/Kg K - - -
Particle board (low density) 590 kg/m3 0.078 w/m K 1300 J/Kg K - - -
Platinum 21450 kg/m3 71.0 w/m K 133 J/Kg K 2045 K - 9.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Platinum (60%Pt 40%Rh) 16630 kg/m3 47 w/m K 162 J/Kg K 1800 K - -
Plexiglass (acrylic) 1410 kg/m3 0.26 w/m K 1448 J/Kg K 2045 K - 74.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
plywood 545 kg/m3 0.12 w/m K 1215 J/Kg K - - -
Polyurethane foam 29 kg/m3 0.035 w/m K 1130 J/Kg K - - -
Polyurethane foam (two part mixture, rigid foam) 71 kg/m3 0.026 w/m K 1045 J/Kg K - - -
Pyroceram (Corning 9606) 2600 kg/m3 3.98 w/m K 808 J/Kg K 1623 K - -
Material Density Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Expansion
Rhenium 21100 kg/m3 47.9 w/m K 136 J/Kg K 3453 K - -
             
Rhodium 12450 kg/m3 150 w/m K 243 J/Kg K 2236 K - -
Rubber, vulcanized (soft) 1100 kg/m3 0.13 w/m K 2010 J/Kg K - - 72.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
             
Sand 1515 kg/m3 0.27 w/m K 800 J/Kg K - - -
Saphire 3.98 g/cm3 27.2 w/m K 419 J/Kg K - - 8.4 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Silicon Carbide 3160 kg/m3 490 w/m K 675 J/Kg K 3100 K - -
Silicon dioxide, polycrystalline (fused silica) 2220 kg/m3 1.38 w/m K 745 J/Kg K 1883 K - -
Silicon nitride 2400 kg/m3 16 w/m K 691 J/Kg K 2173 K - -
Silicone (undoped) 2330 kg/m3 144 w/m K 712 J/Kg K - - -
Silicone dioxide, crystalline (quartz, k parallel to c axis) 2650 kg/m3 10.4 w/m K 745 J/Kg K 1883 K - -
Silicone dioxide, crystalline (quartz, k perpen. to c axis) 2650 kg/m3 6.21 w/m K 745 J/Kg K 1883 K - -
Silver 10500 kg/m3 429 w/m K 235 J/Kg K 1235 K - -
Snow 110 kg/m3 0.049 w/m K - - - -
Solder (63/37 Tin/Lead) 9290 kg/m3 48 w/m K 167 J/Kg K - - 24.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Solder (58/42 Bismuth/Tin) 8560 kg/m3 19 w/m K 167 J/Kg K - - -
Solder (95/5 Tin/Antimony) 7250 kg/m3 28 w/m K - - - 30.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
             
Stainless Steel (AISI 302) 8055 kg/m3 15.1 w/m K 480 J/Kg K - - -
Stainless Steel (AISI 304) 7900 kg/m3 14.9 w/m K 477 J/Kg K 1670 K - 17.3 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Stainless Steel (AISI 316) 8238 kg/m3 13.4 w/m K 468 J/Kg K - - 16.0 x 10-6 cm/cm/C
Stainless Steel (AISI 347) 7978 kg/m3 14.2 w/m K 480 J/Kg K - - -
Steel (AISI 1010) 7832 kg/m3 63.9 w/m K 434 J/Kg K - - -
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
If you have any materials or missing properties that should be added, please e-mail us and let us know. If you find any errors, e-mail us.

 

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